Wonhyo and Uisang
-- great master-monks of Shilla --
Wonhyo Pilgrimage Trail
inaugural trek Dec 2011
2nd Trek September 2012
twin portraits of Korea's most-famous ancient master-monksin their later years:
Uisang-daesa (left) and his close friend Wonhyo-daesa (right)  
from Cheonseong-san
the famous portrait of Wonhyo-daesa at Bunhwang-sa Temple in Gyeongju
Statue of Wonhyo in Seoul's Hyochang Park
Above from Songgwang-sa, Below from Anyang-am, Next from Jogye-am
photos provided by the excellent  Dale's Korean Temple Adventures
Wonhyo and Uisang are an excellent example of the doban relationship.

doban  도반  道伴         fellow practitioner; dharma-friend

This term indicates Dharma brothers and sisters, the companions of the Way, or a true friend along the path of
enlightenment. It refers to a fellow trainee or monk who practices the Buddhist truth together, those who one
keeps company with in the course of pursuing the truth; they are otherwise called a good friend, Seon-u (善友).

In seeking the Buddha-dharma, the seeker's teacher and dharma friends are of importance, so Buddhists
generally treat their fellows with courtesy, calling them the similar term beop-u (法友) or dharma-friends,
indicating a friend of the truth who shares joys and sorrows together and helps each other's practice on
their way towards enlightenment.  Groups that both spread the Dharma and practice social welfare services
are generally called Beop-u-hoe (法友會, Dharma-friends Association). These relationships have been very
important in Buddhism, forming the support-network for monastics who have left their biological families,
since the very beginning of the Buddhist Seungga (僧伽, Sangha, temple community).
The portrait of Wonhyo enshrined at
the Kouzanji Temple of Kyoto in Japan.
"his appearance is that of a fiery young warrior"
"Master Wonhyo departing from Uisang at Dangjin"
"Master Wonhyo lecturing on the Vajrasamādhi Sūtra"
from an exterior wall of Worak-san Deokju-sa
An excellent new find -- this is claimed to be a portrait of Great Master Wonhyo, sitting with a finger-pointing su-in [mudra]
(teaching mode?) on rocks, in front of a red pine-tree.  Rather like a classic Deokseong icon, but with a Bodhidharma-like
fierceness in his bushy eyebrows and glaring eyes.  The shop-owner claimed that this painting was found rolled-up inside
of a Buddha-statue, from the late Goryeo era (14th cen), from the Punggi area -- this must be thought highly doubtful.   It
might not even be a depiction of Wonhyo....  An art-expert friend of mine rather estimates it to actually be a Nahan [arhat]
icon of the 19th century!   Who knows...?   Anyway, I photographed this painting
(with permission) at the private gallery in
the Insa-dong area, where it was on-sale for a very high price, in March 2017.