Halla-san  Gwan-eum-sa
Jeju's Largest Temple
Nobody is sure who first founded Halla-san Gwan-eum-sa, but it existed by about 1700 in the Joseon Dynasty under the name Beob-jeong-am.  It fell into disuse and ruins in late Joseon, but was recon-structed by monk An Bongno in 1908, as he revived Buddhism on Jeju Island.  It was unfortunately destroyed during the Cheju civil war of 1948-50 (the "4.3 Massacre"; it now contains many memorial sites for the victims outside of its main compound.  Today its spacious grounds are arranged like a public park, and it is the most-visited temple on the island.  It serves as Headquarters Temple for the Jogye Order's 23rd District (all of Jeju Province).
Myself at the front gate [Ilchu-mun], Guardian statues and the Second Gate behind.  The signboard reads right-to-left: Han-ra-san
This temple is named for the very popular Bodhisattva of Compassion, called
Gwanse-eum or just Gwan-eum in Korea.


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LEFT:   the new Sam-seong-gak
[Three Saints Shrine], way back up
the slope in the forest, not yet painted.
The San-shin altar can be seen
through the center doors; center is
the highest-status position.

BELOW:  the San-shin painting (same one as in 1986), gold-on-black in an echo of ancient illustrations of Buddhist sutras.  The new granite San-shin statue was Shamanically veiled, still wrapped up in white cloth and paper.  Its unveiling ceremony was held in 9/03.
The finely-detailed Dok-seong painting is matched with the San-shin. Servants prepare tea for him in the background.  But there is no new granite statue for him...