Korean “Residences” or Especially Sacred Sites of Deities
도량, 道場, dàochǎng, bodhimanda
|Korea's historic Seowon (Neo-Confucian Academies-with-Shrines) might be
considered doryang of the Sages they enshrine, such as An Hyang, Toegye Yi
Hwang, Yulgok Yi I and so-on, even though this concept is mostly a Buddhist one.
the Four Greatest Seowon
|Korea's Founder-King Dan-gun is especially venerated at
some sites, which could then be considered his doryang:
Taebaek-san, the ultra-holy Grand White Mountain
Jiri-san Three Sages Palace - Korea's Daoist Utopia
"Tomb of Dan-gun" in NK 1994 2011
Baekdu-san, the Holy White-Head
used as a symbol
Guwol-san -- Nine Moons & Dan-gun
|The most prominent sites for veneration of Mireuk-bul [Maitreya the
Future Buddha] and his current-anticipatory form Mireuk-bosal [Maitreya
the Bodhisattva of Future Salvation] are concentrated in Korea's
southwest corner, and could be considered his doryang:
Iksan City Mireuk-san Mireuk-saji
Gimje City Moak-san Geumsan-sa
Hwasun County Sumun-san Unju-sa
Daejo-sa's Huge Maitreya Statue
Nonsan Gwanchok-sa: Famously-Weird Mireuk
|Three mountain-areas along the Baekdu-Daegan mainline-range are
particularly sacred as doryang of Munsu-bosal the Bodhisattva of Wisdom,
as indicated by their names and by special Temples located at them:
Geumgang-san, Odae-san and Jiri-san
(with Mt. Odae as most famous as the "official" doryang).
There are several other smaller sites along the Baekdu-Daegan dedicated to
the same deity, which could be called Munsu-doryang, such as Banya-sa.
|There are said to be 33 Korean temples especially dedicated to Gwanse-eum-bosal
(관세음보살, 觀世音菩薩, Avalokitêśvara the Bodhisattva of Compassion), which could be
called Gwaneum-doryang. Most of them are found atop rocky crags overlooking the seas
surrounding Korea, a setting that follows the tradition of China’s Putuo-shan (普陀山, Mt.
Potalaka), an island off the coast of Zhejiang Province. The most famous of these 33 are:
Busan Haedong Yonggung-sa
|Sobaek-san -- the Lesser White Mountains can be considered to be the
doryang of Biro-bul [Vairocana the Buddha of Infinite Cosmic Light]
-- although in official doctrine he has no "home", is everywhere in the
universe -- but this seems to be the area of most concentrated worship.
Other specially-holy sites for this deity are:
Jiri-san Hwaeom-sa -- Avatamsaka Monestary
|Master Jajang-yulsa established the Jeokmyeol-bogung Temples with relics
of Sakyamuni the original Buddha; they can be considered as his doryang.